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Home » Bladder (Urinary Bladder) Diseases » Bladder and Bladder Tumor

Bladder and Bladder Tumor

Bladder and Bladder Tumor

Bladder Inflammation and Stones, Inflammation of the bladder is a very common disease in urinary tract and reproductive system. Early diagnosis and intervention is very important to treat the disease. In case of late, disease spread to affect the kidneys, and may cause permanent kidney and bladder disorders.

Symptoms: conditions such as pain occurrence in the lower abdomen, frequent urination, haemoglobinuria, painful 1-2 drops after urine, infected urine are symptoms of this disorder. In addition to these symptoms, if there are situations as fever and chills indicates that the disorder spread to the kidneys.

Bladder Stones:
Bladder stones is a condition that often seen in men. Many of these stones are falling from kidney stones. But the stone in may have occurred the bladder. As a result of the collapse of the lack of urine formation of these stones by crystallization is consisted waste which body wants to throw from the urine.

Symptoms;
Condition such as interruption during urine, pain in penis, hematuria, and urination in certain positions are symptoms of this disease.

What are the signs of bladder cancer?
The most frequent complaint is bloody urine. In addition, a burning sensation when urinating, or a feeling of frequent urination may be seen. These types of complaints are often confused with simple urinary tract infections. For this reason, in patients with risk group, it is important to consult their doctor when realize blood in the urine or any of the other complaints. Are there different types of tumors in bladder? Yes, however, Most of the tumors diagnosed in the first stage are the type which is covering the inner surface of the bladder, and it is called as superficial bladder cancer caused by cells.

 Superficial tumors can be seen in two ways:

Papillary tumors: They are mushroom-shaped growths clinging to the wall of the bladder with a small stalk.

Carcinoma in situ: They are generally flat and solid character tumors which have not a root as well as papillary tumors. They are seen as growing just on the wall of the bladder. Invasive bladder tumors are called to the tumors spread muscle layers of the bladder. Superficial bladder cancers and their treatment approaches are quite different from each other. How is bladder cancer diagnosed? If blood is seen in the urine, it needs to put forward immediately that is the result of bladder tumor or any urinary tract disease such as urinary tract infections. Variety of tests may be required as well as simple physical examination.

Many examinations can be done such as URINE ANALYSIS - URINE CULTURE – URINARY ULTRASOUND – IVP – CYTOLOGY – TOMOGRAPHY – MRI. But, definitive diagnosis is made by cystoscopy biopsy.

CYSTOSCOPY: It is an illuminated optical system that allows doctor to see the inside of the bladder directly. The inner walls of the bladder are monitored by entering with a probe into the urine tube.

In this way, the diagnosis can be confirmed with received parts. Anesthesia needs in metal ones. However, there is no need for anesthesia in flexible cystoscopes. It can be performed in office conditions. What is the treatment of bladder cancer? Treatment of bladder cancer will vary according to location, size, and type (superficial or invasive), stage of the tumor.

TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION (Closed Operation): In the first stage, Closed Operation is recommended all patients diagnosed with bladder tumor in order to distinguish the type of tumor. This process also performs cutting tumors in the bladder by entering the urinary tract with electric knife as well as performed in cystoscopy.

INTRAVESICAL THERAPY (Vaccine Therapy into the Bladder): The purpose of this treatment is to ensure the destruction of remained tumors by giving anti-tumor drugs in the bladder, prevent the recurrence of tumors in the future and prevent the spread of tumors in the deeper layers of muscle.

CYSTECTOMY: It is a process on removal of the bladder completely. If the tumor has spread to the bladder muscle layer, all of the bladder may need to remove because it will likely be fatal by spreading to the whole body from here. In this case, depending on type, location and stage of tumors, urine output may be given to other parts of the body (abdomen or rectum), or urine tube by making a new bladder from the intestines.

Monitoring and expectations after the treatment: Most of superficial bladder tumors can be removed with TUR surgery operation. One of the most important features of bladder tumors often is repetition again and progression towards the deep muscles. For this reason, the control cystoscopy should be done at regular intervals to patients once diagnosed with superficial bladder tumors.

Kidney Pain

Causes of Kidney pain are varied. These include: kidney stones, irregularity due to blockage of urine flow from kidneys, kidney neoplasm, stone, tumor, or blood clots, kidney abscess in pipes carrying toxic waste from the kidneys to the bladder. Sweating and vomiting may also occur during the pain.

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones caused by oxalate crystal in the urine may be as much as a grain of sand; can be in the size of a ping-pong ball. Small stones can be easily removed from kidney. The big ones cause severe pain while going to bladder from kidney. Sudden and suffer pain is felt up and the front part of the chest, under the ribs. Sweating and vomiting may also occur. Urine color is muddy and sometimes bloody.

Urine Bag Inflammation

This disease is called as cystitis in the language of medicine, urine bag (bladder) get inflamed by bacteria and viruses. There is pain in the lower part of the abdomen and perineum of the patient. The patient often feels the need to urinate. After urinating, severe pain is felt in the bladder or the tip of the penis. In some cases, it is also seen burning in the urinary tract and bloody urine. To relieve pains, a hot water bottle is put on the stomach.

Urinary Retention

Although Bladder (urinary bladder) is filled, the urine cannot be made. The lower abdomen gets tensed up. The pain is felt while someone compress there. The causes of this situation which is called acute retention in language of medicine are varied. For example, kidney stones, enlarged prostate, congenital defective urinary tract, lots of drinking alcohol, paralysis of the bladder, gonorrhea, nervous disorders or catching cold may cause urinary retention. The first measure is placed a bottle being hot water in the patient's stomach. During bathroom with hot water, it tries to remove the urine.

Burning in the Urinary Tract

Burning urinary tract or during urination is caused by a variety of reasons. Gonorrhea, ulcers, cystitis, prostate inflammation, bladder neoplasm, ovarian inflammation, and appendicitis may be considered in these reasons. For this reason, it needs to find the cause before treatment. Treatment is done by reason that give rise to disease.

Tenesmus
 
It is a disease that manifests itself in the form that patient couldn’t urinate and it is called anuria in the language of medicine, Bladder (urinary bladder) is empty. Somnolence, headache, playing and vomiting in muscles may occur in the patients. Its causes are kidney disease, bladder, or cervical disease, injury, and the presence of stones in the urinary tract. Doctor should be consulted for treatment.

Haemoglobinuria

This situation called haemoglobinuria in medicine may indicate a serious disease. For this reason, it should be consulted a doctor immediately. Haemoglobinuria may be a symptom of urinary tract infections, prostate infections, bladder stones, kidney bleeding, stones or sand in kidney, diseases of the blood or the other diseases. In addition, some drugs and foods can cause haemoglobinuria. For example, strawberries, tomatoes, spinach, or pain-relieving drugs can cause haemoglobinuria.

Cancer

Cancer is a kind of disease causing by reproduction of abnormal cells of the body in an adrift, uncontrolled way. In other words; bad tumors occurring in the body is called as cancer. Cancer cells spread to the other side of the body either invading surrounding tissues or white or red blood vessels. This is called as metastases (breeding). The main cause of cancer is not known, it is proposed that air pollution, and smoking prepared the ground to cancer. Do not be afraid of cancer, fear of being late! For this reason, when you see one of the following symptoms, consult doctor:

-    Abnormal bleeding or discharge from the anus or uterus,
-    Lump or hardness seen or felt on breast or any part of the body,
-    Unhealed wounds,
-    Hoarseness or coughing without a specific cause,
-    Difficulty in swallowing and digestive disorders,
-    The changes seen in moles and warts.

If any of these signs persist for more than two weeks, the doctor should be consulted. In the places seen cancer, were determined as shown below:

-    1% of brain and spinal cord,
-    10% of the skin,

In genital tract;

-    10% in men, 6% in women,
-    14% of in breast,
-    25% of the digestive system,

In respiratory tract;

-    2% in men,
-    3% in women,
-    3% of liver and gall bladder,
-    8% of other organs.

In the light of this information; it can be said to see in lung, skin, tongue, lips, throat, stomach, intestine, large intestine, bladder, breast, and prostate. Macro-biotic food regime in the treatment of cancer is very effective, it is suggested that patients implementing this regime recover and healthy people don’t become cancer.

The macro-biotic food Regime: 60% of a day's food is selected from the foods maden wheat, barley, maize, millet, brown rice or rye flour. 23-25% of it is selected from fresh and ripe fruits, potatoes, eggplant, spinach, and tomatoes collected from gardens fertilized with animal manure. 5-10% of it is selected cereal or vegetable soup. 10-15% of it is selected from seafood or soy beans, green beans, red beet or Russia turnip. White fish can be eaten once a week. But, every week you need to change the shape of the cooking. Fruits with not more sugar can be eaten twice a week. Tea may be drunk. The following foods and beverages are also prohibited:

-    Things such as bread, cake maden with white flour,
-    white rice, chicken, cheese, eggs, canned foods, frozen foods, sugar, grapes sweetened fruit juices, ripe fruits and vegetables, dry beans, and dry peas, lentils, mushrooms, all soft drinks including molasses, butter, chocolate, cocoa, soda and alcoholic beverages, pickles, vinegar, mustard, salt, stale food, beef. food regimen described above must be applied without delay.

Tenesmus

Painful urination or defecation sense in cases of inflamed rectum or bladder.

Urography

It is taken the x-rays of kidneys, bladder and urinary tract by entrying contrast material intramuscularly.It is the procedure for diagnostic purposes about urinary tract.

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